the Leading Nutriceuticals for Optimum Vulvovaginal Health
**** We are not doctors and do not provide medical advice. ****
What is Vaginal Dryness?
Vaginal dryness is one of the most distressing, and painful problems a woman faces. Vaginal dryness occurs when the natural vagina secretions decreases within the vagina. The amount of vaginal moisture varies throughout a woman's monthly menstrual cycle. Vaginal dryness is particularly problematical as a woman enters and becomes menopausal.
Did you know your vaginal odor or feminine odor problem could be
related to your vagina not having the correct pH level?
for more information
the Leading Nutriceuticals for Optimum Vulvovaginal Health
and Eliminating Vaginal Dryness and Embarrassing Feminine Odor!
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The Leading Resource for Feminine Hygiene Since 1997!
The Leading Resource on Feminine Hygiene, Menstruation,
Obstetrics and Gynecology and Vulvovaginal Health and Safer, Healthier,
Environmentally-Friendly Feminine Hygiene Products Since 1997
to using Tampons in over 70 years!!
NOT a Tampon,
A Tampon that's NOT a Tampon....
We are strategically positioned for success in the Feminine Hygiene and Gynecologic Health marketplace through our revolutionary "Inipads." Our Inipads are superior in every way to ordinary tampons. We believe our Inipads are also much safer for women as well as the environment than other feminine hygiene products.
Every month, we receive a inquiries and order requests for our Inipads and becoming a leader in the $2.4 Billion Feminine Hygiene market in the U.S. We are seeking joint venture participants with a goal of raising $10 million to fund our Inipad "better than a tampon" business. Prospective joint venture partners are invited to send an introductory email to: info@FeminineHygiene.com for more information.
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Our Femgyn Health's Inipads stay in place naturally in the "interlabial" space between a woman's labia minora without any harsh chemicals or adhesives, without shifting or bunching like menstrual pads and pantiliners.... Our Inipads won't dry out a woman's vagina like typical tampons do, especially toward the end of each menstrual period. Finally, and best of all, our Inipads won't pinch your vagina or cause irritations of your vagina - not to mention the microscopic cuts inside of the vagina, the way tampons do, especially when inserting and removing a tampon from the vagina up to 4-6 times/day!
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What is a "Vaginal Moisturizer"?
A vaginal moisturizer is needed by most women to overcome vaginal dryness.
Vaginal moisturizers, provided by numerous companies, and a variety of brand names, are products designed to relieve the pain and discomfort of vaginal dryness. These products are applied or inserted, into the vagina, one or more times per day, depending on the amount of vaginal dryness she may be experiencing.
A vaginal moisturizer may or may not be a vaginal lubricant. Vaginal lubricants are normally used as an aid for intercourse and used on a short-term basis to help a woman that is not able to produce enough vaginal moisture to permit her to comfortably (and painlessly) engage in intercourse.
A menstruating woman's vaginal moisture changes from day to day, and varies depending upon her hormones that control the production of vaginal moisture. A woman can experience vaginal dryness even during times of menstrual bleeding.
What is "Vaginal pH?"
The pH of a healthy vagina ranges from 3.8 to 4.5. pH is a way to describe how acidic a substance is. It is given by a number on a scale of 1-14. The lower the number, the more acidic the substance. The pH of the vagina can be obtained either in the doctor's office or at home with a vaginal pH test kit which determines how acidic or alkaline the vagina is when the vaginal pH test is conducted. Knowing your vagina's pH is very important for optimum vaginal health. When your vagina's pH is within the 3.8 to 4.5 range, there is a healthy balance of vaginal flora or bacteria that keeps the vaginal yeast cells in check. When the vagina's pH is out of this health pH range of 3.8 to 4.5, the vagina's healthy flora decreases and the amounts of bad bacteria increases, upsetting the natural balance of the vagina. The end result is vaginal odor and vaginal yeast infections.
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is a Vaginal
A vaginal pH test measures the pH of your vagina and the vaginal secretions/discharge.
Why should I know my Vaginal pH?
pH test will help your doctor
determine if your vaginal symptoms (i.e., itching, burning, unpleasant odor, or
unusual discharge) are likely caused by an infection that needs medical
treatment. The test is not intended for HIV, chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea,
syphilis, or group B streptococcus.
How accurate is the Vaginal pH test?
vaginal pH tests showed good agreement with a doctor's diagnosis. However, just
because you find changes in your vaginal pH, doesn't always mean that you have a
vaginal infection. pH changes also do not help or differentiate one type of
infection from another. Your doctor diagnoses a vaginal infection by using a
combination of: pH, microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge, amine
odor, culture, wet preparation, and Gram stain.
Does a positive Vaginal pH test mean you have a vaginal infection?
a positive test (elevated pH) could occur for other reasons. If you detect
elevated pH, you should see your doctor for further testing and treatment. There
are no over-the-counter medications for treatment of an elevated vaginal pH.
If test results are negative, can you be sure that you do not have a vaginal infection? No, you may have an infection that does not show up in these tests. If you have no symptoms, your negative test could suggest the possibility of chemical, allergic, or other noninfectious irritation of the vagina. Or, a negative test could indicate the possibility of a yeast infection. You should see your doctor if you find changes in your vaginal pH or if you continue to have symptoms.
How is the Vaginal pH test conducted?
doctor (or you, if done at home) places the pH paper inside your vagina and
against one of the "walls" of the vagina for a few seconds.
He/she then compares the color of the pH paper to the color on the chart
(provided with the test kit). The number on the chart for the color that best
matches the color on the pH paper is the vaginal pH number.
Is the Vaginal pH home test similar to my doctor’s test?
Yes. The home vaginal pH tests are practically identical to the ones sold to doctors. But your doctor can provide a more thorough assessment of your vaginal status through your history, physical exam, and other laboratory tests than you can using a single pH test in your home.
What is Vaginal Relaxation?
"Vaginal Relaxation" is a very common and embarrassing medical condition suffered by women who have undergone vaginal childbirth. Vaginal Relaxation is the medical term used by physicians, but most women and men refer to it as "loose vagina."
Vaginal Relaxation refers specifically to the loss of "vaginal tone" or vaginal tightness of the vagina as well as the vagina's supporting structures.
symptoms of Vaginal
usually first recognized after a woman has her first vaginal childbirth.
However, the symptoms of Vaginal
Relaxation become increasingly bothersome with each vaginal childbirth and
worsen as a woman approaches menopause.
Some physicians and medical researchers believe that Vaginal Relaxation is a "disruption" of the vagina and its supporting vaginal ligaments - rather than a "stretching" during vaginal childbirth, and that this then leads to "Vaginal Relaxation."
Do I have "Vaginal Relaxation?" Symptoms of Vaginal Relaxation include:
Women with Vaginal Relaxation complain (as well as many husbands!) of a loss of vaginal tightness.
Women describe that their vagina feels as if there is a "protrusion," "bulging" or "falling" feeling.
Low back pain
Difficulty initiating urination or stress urinary incontinence.
Pelvic pain or pressure
Over 35 million American women (and their husbands) are suffering from Vaginal Relaxation or a loose vagina. Today, women can cure the problem and end the embarrassment of Vaginal Relaxation with a simple and very common medical procedure that takes less than one hour in a doctor's office to complete!
What is Vaginal Vault Prolapse?
The vaginal vault is the area at the top of the vagina, next to and adjacent to the cervix. It can only “fall” or descend downwards toward the vaginal "introitus" or the entrance of the vagina, after a woman's womb has been removed (hysterectomy).
Vaginal Vault Prolapse - also referred to as vaginal prolapse - occurs in about 15% of women who have had a hysterectomy for uterine prolapse, and in about 1% of women who have had a hysterectomy for other reasons.
Vaginal Vault Suspension is a surgical procedure that may be selected to correct/repair Vaginal Vault Prolapse.
What is the Vaginal Vault and Where is the Vaginal Vault Located?
The vagina has three "compartments" which include the anterior compartment or anterior vaginal wall, the middle compartment or cervix, and the posterior compartment or posterior vaginal wall. The vaginal vault is typically identified as the area at the top of the vagina, next to and adjacent to the cervix. The vaginal vault can fall/drop or descend down toward the vaginal introitus, or the entrance of the vagina, after a woman's uterus has been removed through a hysterectomy.
Vaginal Vault Prolapse occurs in about 15% of women who have had a hysterectomy for uterine prolapse, and in about 1% of women who have had a hysterectomy for other reasons. Vaginal Vault Suspension is the surgical procedure that corrects and repairs Vaginal Vault Prolapse.
What is Vulvar Cancer?
Vulvar cancer is a cancer that forms in a woman's vulva. Vulvar cancer can be found in and around a woman's labia majora, labia minora, and/or clitoris, as well as within the vagina, which is then called vaginal cancer. The cancer usually develops slowly over several years.
In the beginning stages of vulvar cancer, precancerous cells grow on/within the vulva. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early and when diagnosed early, prognosis is good, with 90% (+) survival rates.
Typically, there are few if any indications or symptoms in the early stages of vulvar cancer.
However, you should IMMEDIATELY see your doctor if you notice any of the following from your vulvovaginal area:
A lump in/on/around the vulvovaginal area
Itching in/around the vulvovaginal area
Tenderness in/around the vulvovaginal area
Swelling in/around the vulvovaginal area
Bleeding that is not menstrual or period bleeding
NOTE: Older women (over 40) with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are a risk factor for vulvar cancer.
Treatment for vulvar cancer varies depending on your overall health, age and how advanced the cancer is. Treatment for vulvar cancer may include; laser therapy, surgery, radiation or chemotherapy.
What is Vulvovaginal Health?
Vulvovaginal is the medical term that is used for the study, health, medical treatment, diagnosis, sanitation and treatment of the human female vulva and vagina. The pelvic examination of the vulvovaginal area includes inspection of the following specific external (and visible) parts; the clitoris, located at the top, the labia majora (outer "lips"), labia minora (inner "lips"), urethra, vestibule, vaginal introitus, and Bartholin ducts.
What Dads and Husbands as Well as Women and Mothers Need to Know About "Vulvovaginal" Health.
Let's face it, more and more dads, are being awarded primary and sometimes, sole-custody of their daughter(s). And, it's about time the courts recognize that dad's are just as capable, just as loving, just as nurturing, as a parent, than their ex-wives. Many times, Dad's are even better at parenting.
Dads with daughters need to be able to communicate with their daughters when it comes to their daughter's vulvovaginal health and feminine hygiene needs.
While most young ladies do not have problems with vaginal dryness, vaginal odor / feminine odor or feminine itching, changes in their hormones as they approach their first menstrual period, and after, can sometimes cause these problems.
And when you are the only parent, you need to know how to help your daughter(s) with these health issues. By being informed, honest, and straight forward, you can be the trusted resource your daughter needs. And just as important, if you don't know the answer to her vulvovaginal health or feminine hygiene questions, tell her that you don't know and will find out and let her know.
What is Vulvar Vestibulitis?
Vulvar Vestibulitis is a condition which causes redness and pain of the vestibule.
is an inflammation of the
skin and the mucous secreting glands found in and around the vulva. The mucous
secreting glands are called the lesser vestibular glands.
Vulvar Vestibulitis may include all the area around the opening of the vagina but is normally seen in the lower part of the vaginal opening.
Vestibulitis occurs in
women of all ages. It can occur in women who are sexually active and also in
women who have never been sexually active.
women with this problem have suffered physically and emotionally for months or
years, have seen a number of physicians, and have tried many unsuccessful
treatments in search of relief.
What are the signs and symptoms of Vulvar Vestibulitis?
* Severe pain with pressure (for example: biking, exercise, tight fitting clothes ).
* Vaginal entry such as tampon use or intercourse.
* Burning, stinging, irritation, or raw sensation within the vestibular area.
* Vestibular redness
* The urge to urinate frequently or suddenly.
How is Vulvar Vestibulitis diagnosed?
Your doctor or health care provider will examine the vulva and vestibule to identify the common skin changes seen with Vulvar Vestibulitis. Pain is usually felt if the vestibule area is touched with a cotton tipped applicator. A sample of your vaginal discharge is collected and tested to rule out infection.
The exact cause is unknown, but many studies are being conducted to determine the cause of Vulvar Vestibulitis.
following factors have been associated with Vulvar
* HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
* Chronic Yeast Infections
* Chronic bacterial infections
* Chronic changes of pH (acid-base balance in the vagina)
* Chronic use of chemicals/irritants such as detergents, soaps, spermicides or lubricants.
What is the treatment for Vulvar Vestibulitis?
Treatment may include any of the following:
* Follow the Guidelines for Vulvar Skin Care
* Steroid Ointments
How it is used: A thin layer is applied to the vulvovaginal areas.
How it Works: Decreases redness, irritation, and burning. Caution: Use only as prescribed by your doctor. Overuse may result in thinning of the skin which will make your problem worse rather than helping it.
* Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) may be used in some cases as determined by the severity of the symptoms you have. TCA is a chemical that is used to destroy small areas of the irritated skin allowing new healthy skin to grow in its place.
* Interferon Injections are used to increase your body's response to infection.
Helpful treatment hints for Vulvar Vestibulitis:
* Vitamin A and D Ointment How it is used: Apply to the areas of discomfort.
How it Works: Protects the skin, decreases irritation, heals, and soothes.
* Lidocaine Gel may be prescribed after initial treatment.
How it is used: Apply lidocaine gel to the vulvovaginal areas of discomfort.
How it Works: Numbs areas before intercourse.
Caution: After applying, wait until area becomes less sensitive before intercourse. Burning may occur for a short time ( mins.) after the gel is applied.
* Witch Hazel Pads:
How it is used: Apply to the vulvovaginal areas of discomfort.
How it Works: Decreases burning and irritation after intercourse and urinating.
* Cleansing Bottle - Pour plain luke-warm water over the vulva after urinating to remove urine from irritated area.
* Calcium Citrate Tablets- How it is used: Take orally 1200-1800mg. elemental calcium every day. How it Works: Thought to decrease certain crystals in the urine which may cause burning.
* Cranberry Juice How it is used: Drink an 8oz. glass every day.
it Works: Increases the acid content of the urine to decrease bladder
* Limit High Oxalate Foods - May decrease amount of oxalate crystals in urine. Oxalate crystals cause urinary symptoms such as the urge to urinate frequently or suddenly.
* Baking Soda Soak- Soak in luke warm bath water with 4 to 5 tablespoons of baking soda to help soothe vulvovaginal itching and burning. Soak 1 to 3 times a day for 10 to 15 minutes. If you are using a sitz bath, use 1 to 2 teaspoons of baking soda.
FAQ's About Tampons, Tampon Safety
and Toxic Shock Syndrome
I thought that you only got Toxic Shock Syndrome if you forgot to change your tampon. Is this true?
Any woman may develop Toxic Shock Syndrome when using tampons as directed by the manufacturer's instructions if she is carrying the particular strain of bacteria that produces toxins and if she has not developed immunity to these toxins.
The exact combination of circumstances in which toxin production occurs in the vagina of individual women is not known. It is therefore not possible to state any completely safe time limits on the use of a tampon, although it could be assumed that the longer a tampon is left in place or the more tampons are used continuously, the greater the chance of toxin production starting. This is why we recommend keeping tampon use to a minimum and breaking the use regularly by using a sanitary towel/pad.
All known victims of Toxic Shock Syndrome followed the manufacturers instructions on usage implicitly, but they still became seriously ill or even died.
We think that there are several reasons why people think that a "forgotten tampon" causes Toxic Shock Syndrome:
Many women have been admitted to hospital with Toxic Shock Syndrome while still using a tampon. They had become seriously ill extremely quickly and had not been physically capable of removing or changing their tampon.
The term "retained tampon" in medical reports, refers to a tampon being in place on admission to hospital. It is not an indication of length of use.
It blames the tampon user, who was too ill to defend herself; it exonerated the tampon manufacturers and it reassured dedicated tampon users.
It made it easier for newspaper editors (usually men) to explain why someone was ill.
Can you catch Toxic Shock Syndrome from other people?
No. Toxic Shock Syndrome is not a contagious disease that can spread to others.
What is the link between Toxic Shock Syndrome and tampon use?
The link between TSS and tampons is not completely understood.
However, tampon research highlights three high RISK FACTORS: high absorbency tampons, continuous tampon use and low body immunity.
Absorbency: the higher the absorbency the higher the
risk; the lower the absorbency the lower the risk. That is why a woman should
always use the lowest absorbency tampon for her menstrual flow. It also accounts
for the high number of deaths due to super-absorbent tampons in 1980.
Continuous tampon use: women should not use tampons continuously during a period. It is recommended that the most convenient time to break the continuous use is at night, by using a sanitary towel/pad.
Low immunity: this is the factor that you cannot control as it may vary from time to time. It is generally understood that immunity improves with age therefore girls are at a higher risk that older women.
Is it possible to get Toxic Shock Syndrome more than once?
Yes. A person who has had Toxic Shock Syndrome can develop it again. If a woman or girl has had Toxic Shock Syndrome in the past, it is advisable not to use tampons again.
Menstrual-related Toxic Shock Syndrome recurs in around 30% of cases. Dr Mary Andrews of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Centre in New Hampshire, advises that symptoms were most likely to return in women who were not treated during their first attack, and continued to use tampons. Two thirds of Dr Andrews' study group experienced a recurrence within 5 months, although only 16% of women who were treated had recurring symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome.
Toxic Shock Syndrome Symptoms
are the symptoms of Toxic
Symptoms can be similar to flu or food poisoning, but they can become serious very quickly.
The symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome include one or more of the following:
Always begin AFTER a menstrual period starts.
Early symptoms may include headache, and/or sore throat,
aching muscles and high temperature (fever).
Followed by vomiting, watery diarrhea,
Confusion and dizziness
A red, sunburn-like, rash on chest, abdomen or thighs
Very low blood pressure.
Please note: Only one or two of the above symptoms may occur. They do not necessarily occur all at once and may not persist.
should I do if I get these symptoms?
If you have any of these symptoms and are using a tampon you should, remove and save your tampon and seek immediate medical attention (preferably at an emergency HOSPITAL). Tell the doctor that you have been using tampons and suspect Toxic Shock Syndrome
Don't worry about wasting the doctor's time, you could be saving your life.
What Is The Treatment For Toxic Shock Syndrome?
With early diagnosis, Toxic Shock Syndrome can generally be effectively treated with antibiotics and other medication to counteract the symptoms.
Professor Joan Chesney, Head of Paediatrics at the University of Tennessee said in September 1997 that concerns that Staphylococcus Aureus could become resistant to antibiotics have so far proved unfounded. Tests on Toxic Shock Syndrome-associated strains of Staphylococcus Aureus at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in New Hampshire failed to find any methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA), the strain which has caused so many problems for hospitals in Europe and America. All 62 samples from menstrual and non-menstrual cases referred to the D-H Medical Center between 1984 and 1995, were susceptible to two key antibiotics - oxacillin and clindamycin - although only a handful would have responded to treatment with penicillan.
Standard therapy for Toxic Shock Syndrome continues to be on high-dose antibiotics, usually with a beta lactam agent, with or without clindamycin or a related drug. You also need to stop toxin production which can be best done with a protein synthesis inhibitor such as clindamycin, gentamycin, erythromycin or clarithromycin. Introvenous fluids are another essential aspect of management, but doubts remain over the value of introvenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) injections as they carry the risk of side-effects.
Choosing the Right Tampon Absorbency or "Size"
When using tampons, it's important to choose the lowest absorbency necessary for your menstrual flow. Because the amount of flow varies from day to day, it is likely that you will need to use different absorbencies on different days of your period. Selecting the right absorbency comes with experience, but as a guide, if a tampon absorbs as much as it can and has to be changed before 4 hours, then you may want to try a higher absorbency. On the other hand, if you remove a tampon and after 4-6 hours white fibre is still showing, you should choose a lower absorbency.
Research indicates that tampons should not be used continuously during a period as continuous use is a high risk factor. The most obvious time to break this continuous use is at night. AKTA recommends the use of a sanitary towel at night. However, if you choose to use a tampon at night, choose the lowest absorbency needed, insert a fresh one just before going to bed and remove it as soon as you wake up in the morning. Slim line tampons are quite absorbent for their size, so it is highly recommended that young girls do not use tampons at night.
1. CDC. Toxic-shock syndrome--United States. MMWR
2. Todd J, Fishaut M, Kapral F, Welch T. Toxic-shock syndrome associated with phage-group-1 staphylococci. Lancet 1978;2:1116-8.
3. CDC. Follow-up on toxic-shock syndrome--United States. MMWR 1980;29:297-9.
4. Osterholm MT, Davis JP, Gibson RW, et al. Tri-state toxic-shock syndrome study: I. Epidemiologic findings. J Infect Dis 1982;145:431-40.
5. Schlech WF, Shands KN, Reingold AL, et al. Risk factors for development of toxic shock syndrome: association with a tampon brand. JAMA 1982;248:835-9.
6. Berkley SF, Hightower AW, Broome CV, Reingold AL. The relationship of tampon characteristics to menstrual toxic shock syndrome. JAMA 1987;258:917-20.
7. Gaventa S, Reingold AL, Hightower AW, et al. Active surveillance for toxic shock syndrome in the United States, 1986. Rev Infect Dis 1989;2(suppl S1):S35-42.
8. Davis JP, Chesney PJ, Wand PJ, LaVenture M, the Investigation and Laboratory Team. Toxic-shock syndrome: epidemiologic features, recurrence, risk factors, and prevention. N Engl J Med 1980;303:1429-35.
9. Osterholm MT, Forfang JC. Toxic-shock syndrome in Minnesota: results of an active-passive surveillance system. J Infect Dis 1982;145:458-64. 10. Latham RH, Kehrberg MW, Jacobson JA, Smith CB. Toxic shock syndrome in Utah: a case-control and surveillance study. Ann Intern Med 1982;96:906-8. 11. Broome CV. Epidemiology of TSS in the United States: overview. Rev Infect Dis 1989;2 (suppl S1):S14-21.
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**** We are not doctors and do not provide medical advice. ****
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